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Exploring Game Variations: European Roulette vs. American Roulette

To fully understand the game variations of roulette while exploring online casino games, we bare the fundamental rules and gameplay that make up the essence of roulette. European Roulette and American Roulette which are usually present at online casinos such as Royal Reels are two separate varieties that share a common origin but harbor small changes that substantially affect gameplay. The foundation of a game that strikes a balance between simplicity and the possibility of strategic subtlety is formed by the spinning wheel, the anticipation of the ball’s movement, and the variety of betting choices. Every version has its own secrets, allowing us to find the small differences that can change the game’s chances and impact the player’s experience. These variations range from the amount of pockets on the wheel to the tiny rules controlling the gameplay.

Basic Rules and Gameplay

A spinning wheel with numbered pockets and a little ball that spins around before landing in a pocket are the two main components of the game. Predicting where the ball will land is what makes it exciting.


The Roulette Wheel:


  • Usually, the wheel contains 37 or 38 pockets, with the numbers 00 in addition to 0 to 36 (American) or 0 to 36 (European).


  • The zero(s) are typically in green, and the pockets alternate between red and black.


Betting Options:


  • Bets can be made on specific numbers, sets of numbers, or attributes such as odd or even and color (black or red).


  • Inside bets, which provide larger payouts, focus on particular numbers or small groups of people.


  • Greater group coverage is offered by outside bets, which have smaller rewards but better odds.


The Croupier:


  • The croupier, a member of the casino staff, is in charge of the game.


  • The ball is spun in one direction while the wheel is spun in the other by the croupier.


Betting Rounds:


  • Before the wheel spins, players place their wagers.


  • Usually, betting is permitted up until the ball is almost finished spinning.


Outcome and Payouts:


  • The pocket the ball lands in determines the winning number.


  • The type of bet will determine the payout, with riskier bets paying out more.


House Edge:


  • The presence of zero(s) on the wheel affects the house edge.


  • In comparison to American roulette, European roulette often has a smaller house edge.


To fully understand roulette’s ongoing popularity, it is necessary to understand the basics and come to terms with the unpredictable traits of the game. These basic concepts will serve as a guide for us as we learn the subtle differences between European and American roulette. They will also help us identify the unique features that distinguish each variant.

Wheel Number Arrangement and Layout Differences


Sequence Disparity:

Both wheels’ number sequences adhere to the same pattern. The American wheel juggles the placement of numbers to fit the extra double zero, but the European wheel organizes numbers in a sequence that appears random but is uniformly distributed.


Color Alternation:

The numbers on each wheel alternate between red and black, producing an eye-catching design. The two variants differ slightly in how these colors are arranged, though.


Impact on Odds and House Edge:

The odds and house edge are directly impacted by the differing patterns. When compared to its American cousin, the European wheel has a reduced house edge and better chances for players because it only has one zero.


Aesthetics and Tradition:

The European wheel’s symmetrical form, which reflects the game’s European casino roots, is sometimes linked to classic elegance. The American wheel, on the other hand, has a bolder and more distinctive look due to the additional double zero.

Special Rules

European Roulette stands out not only by its unique wheel design but also by two special and user-friendly rules: “En Prison” and “La Partage.” These rules are not found in the  American Roulette and they provide a level of strategy and complexity that makes the game more intriguing.


En Prison Rule in European Roulette

When the ball lands in the green zero (0) in European Roulette, the interesting appeal of the “En Prison” rule is shown. For even-money bets (red/black, odd/even, etc.), there is no instant loss; instead, the wager is put “in prison” until the next spin. Basically, this offers the gambler a second chance because the initial wager is repaid together with any additional earnings if the next spin produces a win. The bet is lost if the outcome is negative once more.


Impact on Player Outcomes:

Advantageous Stalemate: Players have the chance to keep half of their even-money bets when the “En Prison” rule adds an element of strategy. This gives the gameplay a distinct dynamic and lessens the disappointment of a zero result.


La Partage Rule in European Roulette:

The “La Partage” rule adds another interesting variation to European Roulette, complementing its counterpart. Players share the loss with the house when the ball lands on the zero because they only lose half of their even-money bet.


Impact on Player Outcomes:

Risk Mitigation: “La Partage” reduces the impact of a zero outcome by acting as a safety net. By keeping a percentage of their stake, players add a layer of risk mitigation and increase the allure of even-money wagers.

Popular Strategies Used

Let’s look at some common strategies, assessing their effectiveness and taking into account subtle differences that make certain methods better suited for one form of the game than the other.


Martingale Strategy:

The goal of the Martingale approach is to recover losses with a subsequent gain by doubling the stake following each loss.


  • Effectiveness: The simplicity of the Martingale strategy can be alluring, but its effectiveness depends on the player’s capacity to withstand potentially large losses and the absence of table restrictions.


  • Suitability: The method works for both European and American roulette, and its success depends more on a player’s personal risk tolerance than the type of roulette they play.


Labouchere Strategy:

The goal of this method is to generate a series of figures that correspond to the intended profit. After every win, numbers are eliminated from the equation, which is based on the sum of the first and last numbers in the series.


  • Effectiveness: Depending on the chosen number sequence, the Labouchere method can be more flexible and controllable when it comes to possible losses.


  • Suitability: The Labouchere approach is a flexible strategy that works with both European and American roulette because the basic ideas are the same.


Fibonacci Strategy:

Bet amounts are determined by the Fibonacci sequence, where every bet is equal to the sum of the two bets that came before it. With increasingly bigger bets, the objective is to recoup losses.


  • Effectiveness: Like the Martingale, the Fibonacci approach depends on the player’s risk tolerance and the lack of table restrictions in order to be successful.


  • Suitability: This approach works with both variations of roulette, and how well it works depends more on personal risk tolerance.


D’Alembert Strategy:

The long-term goal of the D’Alembert approach is balance, which is achieved by adjusting bets by one unit in response to wins or losses.


  • Effectiveness: Players looking for a slow approach will find the D’Alembert method interesting as it is thought to be more conservative than some other systems.


  • Suitability: The D’Alembert method is suitable for players who want a more measured approach to betting and is equally applicable to both European and American roulette.

Enjoy The Game be it European vs American!

The core structure of the game is formed by the differences between the designs of the European and American wheels, which differ slightly in terms of pocket placement and the inclusion of the double zero. Gaining insight into these design details opens the door to understanding the chances and solving the puzzles surrounding player outcomes.


The roulette table, where players employ various strategies such as the Martingale, Labouchere, and Fibonacci represents a strategic battleground where players strive to gain an advantage in an uncertain game. However, as we’ve seen, the particular variations present in every game version can affect how appropriate certain methods are.


Players have a lifeline and an opportunity to reverse the odds even when the wheel leans toward the apparent zero thanks to the impressive “En Prison” and “La Partage” rules. If you can enjoy the game at your favorite online casino such as Royal Reels, you always win, regardless of whether you love the bold adrenaline of American roulette or the delicate elegance of European roulette exploring online casino games like these can make your day.